What To Sow In October: A Guide To Fall Planting

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October is an ideal time for gardeners to start sowing seeds for a variety of plants. As the weather begins to cool and the days get shorter, this is the perfect opportunity to plant crops that thrive in the fall and winter seasons. Whether you have a large backyard or a small balcony, there are plenty of options for what you can sow in October. In this article, we will explore some popular choices for fall planting and provide tips on how to get started.


Fall is a great time to grow vegetables that can withstand cooler temperatures. Here are some options for what to sow in October:

  • Lettuce: Varieties such as romaine, butterhead, and mesclun mix are excellent choices for fall planting. They can be harvested in as little as 30 days and can tolerate temperatures as low as 25°F (-4°C).
  • Spinach: This leafy green vegetable is packed with nutrients and can be grown throughout the fall and winter. Plant spinach seeds about 1 inch deep and 2 inches apart.
  • Kale: Known for its hardiness, kale is an excellent choice for fall planting. It can withstand frost and even improve in flavor after exposure to cold temperatures.
  • Radishes: These fast-growing root vegetables can be sown directly into the ground and are ready to harvest in as little as 25 days. They are a great addition to salads and stir-fries.
  • Carrots: Fall is the perfect time to sow carrot seeds. The cool temperatures help enhance the flavor and texture of the carrots.


Many herbs can be grown year-round, making them a fantastic addition to any garden or kitchen. Here are some herbs that you can sow in October:

  • Parsley: This versatile herb can be sown in October and harvested throughout the fall and winter. It adds a fresh flavor to a variety of dishes.
  • Chives: Chives are easy to grow and can withstand cold temperatures. They make a great addition to salads, soups, and omelets.
  • Cilantro: Cilantro can be sown in the fall for winter harvesting. It prefers cooler temperatures and can tolerate light frosts.
  • Thyme: This perennial herb is a popular choice for fall planting. Thyme is known for its aromatic leaves and can be used in a variety of culinary dishes.
  • Garlic: October is the best time to plant garlic for a summer harvest. Separate the cloves and plant them about 2 inches deep and 6 inches apart.


Don’t forget to add some color to your garden this fall with beautiful flowers. Here are a few options for what to sow in October:

  • Pansies: These colorful flowers can withstand the cold temperatures of fall and winter. They are available in a variety of vibrant hues and can add a pop of color to any garden.
  • Sweet Peas: Plant sweet pea seeds in October for beautiful blooms in the spring. They prefer cooler temperatures and will thrive in mild winter climates.
  • Calendula: Also known as pot marigold, calendula is a hardy flower that can be sown in the fall. It produces vibrant orange and yellow blooms that are perfect for brightening up your garden.
  • Violas: Violas are small, delicate flowers that come in a variety of colors. They can be sown in October and will continue to bloom throughout the fall and winter.

Tips for Fall Planting

When sowing seeds in October, there are a few tips to keep in mind to ensure successful growth:

  • Prepare the soil: Before sowing seeds, make sure the soil is well-drained and free of weeds. Add organic matter, such as compost, to improve the soil’s fertility.
  • Water regularly: Even though the temperatures are cooler, it’s still important to water your plants regularly. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  • Protect from frost: If there’s a risk of frost in your area, cover your plants with a frost cloth or mulch to protect them from the cold.
  • Thin out seedlings: Once your seeds have sprouted, thin out the seedlings to provide enough space for each plant to grow. This will prevent overcrowding and competition for resources.


October is the perfect time to start sowing seeds for a variety of plants. Whether you’re interested in growing vegetables, herbs, or flowers, there are plenty of options for fall planting. From lettuce and spinach to parsley and pansies, there’s something for every gardener. Remember to prepare the soil, water regularly, and protect your plants from frost. With a little care and attention, your fall garden will thrive and provide you with fresh produce and beautiful blooms throughout the season.

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